USA-IRAN Relations between the two nations began in the mid-to-late nineteenth century. Initially, while Iran was very wary of British and Russian colonial interests during the Great Game, the United States was seen as a more trustworthy foreign power. the Americans Arthur Millspaugh and Morgan Shuster were even appointed treasurers-general by the Shahs of the time. During World War II, Iran was invaded by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, both US allies. Relations continued to be positive after the war.
1953 Revolution :
This USA-IRAN relationship was followed by an era of very close alliance and friendship between Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi‘s regime and the US government. During this era, Iran was one of the United States’ closest allies. In1950 Raza Shah Pahlavi started the first nuclear program in Iran with the aid of the USA. This friendship didn’t remain for a long time as later Mohammad Mosaddegh was overthrown by a coup organized by the Central Intelligence aided by the MI6 and Muhammad Shah was put at the throne for the leadership by CIA and MI6.
1979-81 Hostage Crisis:
Due to that people became very infuriated and they joined the revolution started by Ayatollah Khomeini. They first made Muhammad Shah to flee Iran and move to Egypt. Then they burst their anger on USA embassy by occupying the embassy and by making 52 USA diplomats held hostage for 444 days.
In revenge to that, Jimy Carter severed ties with Iran in 1980 & in 1983 US imposed economic sanctions on Iran in response to alleged Iranian sponsored terrorism.
However, Us continued to purchase oil from Iran 1 lack 30 thousand tons of oil from Iran. Trade even increased more after the Iran-Iraq war ended. But, there was a twist after that because Mr. Clinton’s top foreign policy advisers have been urging for weeks that he adopt the embargo, over the objections of trade and economic aides. The advisers portrayed an issue of the bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City and pressurized Clinton to impose sanctions against Iran.
After that USA remained in search to find any point to blame Iran and especially concerned over Iran’s nuclear. Iran consequently denied those allegations. After that Iran built its uranium from 3.5% to 20% at Nathans power plant to fuel Tehran’s nuclear reactor. In 2011, the nuclear power plant located in musher became operational and started adding electricity to the national grid. The USA authority put allegations against Iran as it was in front of the world as it was against the treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Iran replied that it is peaceful as it’s used for electricity production.
Consequently, Iran signed an agreement limiting nuclear programs with superpowers such as Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia, United States. Iran finalized a deal with the security council and 5 permanent members and Germany to limit Iran’s nuclear programs for 10-15years. The agreement was known as the Joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA). In 2017 Trump announces withdrawal from JCPOA and said they would no longer certify Iran compliance with JCPAO. He alleged Iran hadn’t complied with the spirit of the deal.
Impact on Iran:
Next, he seized Jcpao and reimposed nuclear sanctions. He announced that they would grant sanctions to any oil customers of Iran. This lead to the destruction of Iran’s economy as its half budget was based on oil exports. This hurt Iran deeply and they clearly replied to the USA that they are ready for a war and the results are now live.